Are Air Conditioning Refrigerants Being Phased Out?

August 05, 2020

You might not think much about how your air conditioner operates, but it needs refrigerant to keep your home cool. This refrigerant is controlled by environmental laws, since it contains chemicals.

Depending on when your air conditioner was added to your home, it may require R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll review the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Keokuk, in addition to how these phaseouts affect you.

What’s R-22 and Why is It Discontinued?

If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it probably contains Freon®. You can find out if your air conditioner contains it by calling us at 319-229-2318. You can also check the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is located outside your home. This sticker will include info on what type of refrigerant your AC needs.

Freon, which is also known as R-22, contains chlorine. Scientists consider R-22 to be harmful to the earth’s ozone layer and one that prompts global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which oversees refrigerants in the United States, barred its creation and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It depends. If your air conditioning is cooling fine, you can continue to use it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your air conditioning to work around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy reports that substituting a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on summertime cooling expenses!

If you don’t replace your air conditioner, it might cause a problem if you require air conditioning repair down the road, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs might be pricier, because only limited amounts of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is available.

With the phaseout of R-22, a lot of new air conditioners now have Puron®. Also known as R-410A, this refrigerant was created to keep the ozone layer strong. Since it needs an incompatible pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that need R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the likelihood to lead to global warming. As a result, it may also ultimately be discontinued. Although it hasn’t been mandated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take Over R-410A?

In preparation of the discontinuation, some companies have started using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant rates low for global warming likelihood—approximately one-third less than R-410A. And it also decreases energy expenditure by approximately 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that might be passed on to you through your cooling expenses.

WM J Kraus & Son Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In summary, the alterations to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t impact you a whole lot until you require repairs. But as we mentioned beforehand, repairs connected to refrigerant could be pricier because of the restricted quantities that are accessible.

In addition to that, your air conditioner often needs repair at the worst time, typically on the muggiest day when we’re experiencing lots of other appointments for AC repair.

If your air conditioner uses an outdated refrigerant or is more than 15 years old, we recommend installing an up-to-date, energy-efficient air conditioner. This delivers a hassle-free summer and may even decrease your cooling costs, especially if you select an ENERGY STAR®-rated model. Plus, WM J Kraus & Son has many financing options to make your new air conditioner work with your budget. Contact us at 319-229-2318 to get started right away with a free estimate.